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Analisis Fitokimia Daun Pepaya (Carica Papaya L.) di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi, Kendalpayak, Malang

Qurrota A’Yun -. Ainun_Nikmati_Laily
Published January 2015

Abstract

Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is one of the most cultivated plants in Indonesia. It is the most significant chemical compoundas a medicine or as a model compound to get new active compound. Papaya leaf contains alkaloid, carpaine, caricaksantin, violaksantin, papain, saponin, flavonoid, and tannin compound. The purpose of this study is to know the phytochemical compound which is contained in papaya leaf at The Research Center of Various Bean and Tuber Crops Kendalpayak, Malang. This study is conducted by doing several methods of phytochemical analysis by which includes alkaloid analysis, triterpenoid, steroid, flavonoid, saponin and tannin. Alkaloid analysis is conducted by employing the method of Douglas et al., which has already modified by T.E.H Aplin et al. and H.J Cai e al. While triterpenoid and steroid analysis use the method of L.H. Briggs. Another, flavonoid analysis uses the method of H.J. Cai. The analysis of saponin uses the method of J.J.H Simes et al., whereas the tannin analysis is conducted by employing the method of Miranda S.R. The phytochemical screening results found are the data of phytochemical content from papaya leaf which is performed in the form of table. The results of phytochemical screening show that papaya leaf contains alkaloid, triterpenoid, steroid, flavonoid, saponin and tannin compound.

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