Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. It takes an evidence-based strategy to address the increasing incidence of cancer in the world. To control the increase of cancer in Indonesia required control strategies of the key riskfactors associated with the incidence of cancer. Currently the data on the distribution of cancer in Indonesia is still limited. Key risk factors for cancer can be known from the existing types of cancer. By knowing the distribution of cancerthat is expected to become a factor in the prevention of cancer in Indonesia. The purpose of this paper is to describe the distribution of cancer in Indonesia by the community in 2007. The data used is data survey of basic health research(Riskesdas) 2007. Design this study was a descriptive cross-sectional. The analysis showed that from 768 635 respondents there were 4647 (0.6%) respondents who had cancer. Central Java province was the province with the highest number of cancer patients (23.6%). Cervical and ovarian cancer as well as breast cancer were the most commonly found as many as 927 (20%) of respondents to cervical and ovarian cancer, and as many as 746 (16%) of respondents had breast cancer. Cervical and ovarian cancer were most commonly found in adults, with the status ofmarried, live in urban areas and have low education status. Breast cancer was most common in women aged adult, married status, living in urban, low educational status and low economic status.