Gambaran Gangguan Cemas Masyarakat di Sekitar Menara Base Tranceiver Station/bts di Bandung dan Jakarta

Sri Idaiani • Athena Anwar
Journal article Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research • 2014 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 6 pages)

Abstract

A research on Health Effect of Electromagnetic Fields to People Arround The Base Tranceiver Stations (BTSs) in Jakarta and Bandung was conducted to study the influence of BTS existence on the residents€™ mental health condition.The research design was cross-sectional The number of sample was 655 people scattered in 10 BTSs. The data was collected through interviews using Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) questionnaires, conducted by researchers of Center for Public Health Intervention Technology, NIHRD. Data processing and analysis were performed bivariate between the house€™s distances from BTSs and the occurrences of anxiety disorder. The results showed that 64,8% of respondents in Bandung and 57,8% of respondents in Jakarta have a general health complaints such as dizziness/headaches, cough and fever, and suffering from degenerative diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke, and diabetes mellitus (DM). Specially for mental health, there is a significant association between respondents€™ anxiety disorders and the distance of their house from the BTSs (p<0,05). The proportion of respondents suffering from anxiety disorder is higher for respondents whose house is located less than 100 meters from the BTSs than those who have their house at a greater distance (over 100 meters). The respondents living near BTSs in Bandung and Jakarta have general health problems. The anxiety disorder is most likely triggered by the BTSs existence near their house.Keywords : Base Transceiver Station, Radiation, Anxiety DisorderAbstrakTelah dilakukan Penelitian Pengaruh Medan Elektromagnetik Terhadap Kesehatan Masyarakat Di Sekitar Menara Pemancar Telepon Seluler (BTS) di Jakarta dan Bandung, Disain dari penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan jumlah sampel 655 orang yang tersebar di sekitar 10 BTS. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara wawancara menggunakan kuesioner Mini International of Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) oleh peneliti peneliti Pusat Teknologi Intervensi Kesehatan Masyarakat. Pengolahan dan analisis data dilakukan secara bivariat antara jarak rumah terhadap BTS dengan kejadian gangguan cemas. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa 64,8% responden di Bandung dan 57,8% di Jakarta mempunyai keluhan kesehatan yang bersifat umum seperti pusing/sakit kepala, batuk dan demam, menderita penyakit degeneratif seperti darah tinggi, stroke, dan diabetes mellitus (DM). Khusus untuk kesehatan mental, terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara gangguan cemas responden dengan jarak rumah ke BTS (p<0,05). Proporsi gangguan cemas pada responden dengan rumah berjarak kurang dari 100 meter ke BTS lebih tinggi dari pada responden dengan jarak rumah lebih jauh (lebih dari 100 meter). Gangguan cemas yang dialami kemungkinan besar karena pengaruh keberadaan BTS di sekitar rumah.Kata kunci : Menara BTS, Radiasi, Gangguan Cemas

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Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research) is a quarterly, open access... see more