A study has been made to investigate provisions of water supply in areas where availability of potable water is scarce due to high organic matter, red and yellowish in colour and low in pH. The water quality was determined for surface and shallow ground water. Clean potable water was acquired by dugging a well with concrete casing in podsolic soil, provided with a shallow well hand pump with PVC casing in non-podsolic soil, and one provided with a shallow well hand pump with PVC casing connected to a small water treatment unit in podsolic soil. The study shows that a water treatment unit is urgently needed, to provide a proper water supply system. The best potable water supply can be provided through the installment of auger shallow well hand pumps with PVC casing and connected to a small water treatment unit. A well with concrete casing alone does not meet the requirement for acquiring potable water.