Faktor Risiko dan Pengetahuan, Sikap, Perilaku (Psp) Masyarakat pada Kejadian Luar Biasa (Klb) Malaria di Kabupaten Purbalingga

Widiarti, Widiarti • I, Anggi Septia • Trapsilowati, Wiwik • Heriyanto, Bambang • P, Diana Andriyani
Journal article Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research • June 2013

Abstract

In December 2010 there had been a remarkable incident (outbreak) malaria in Purbalingga Regency. This study to determine risk factors of peoples behavior related to malaria outbreaks in Purbalingga. This type of research was a descriptive analytic cross sectional design of the analysis unit of the malaria patients who visited to the local publik health center. Based on the observations of the physical environment of local conditions and the surrounding houses in both villages were particularly vulnerable to malaria transmission. Test results of the risk factor in the Village Panusupan showed Odds Ratio (OR) values was 0.536 (OR <1), showed that there was a negative connection between the respondent movement with malaria incidence. As for the risk factors in the Village Sidareja showed Odds Ratio (OR) value was 1.643 (OR> 1). Shortly all malaria transmission in the village were associated with the movement of the respondents either going to work or leaving the village (imported cases). The results of the knowledge, attitude, and practise (KAP) of respondents indicated the level of knowledge and practise were still relatively low, even the attitude of the respondents was still many who did not support the search for means of prevention and treatment for malaria as expected. Keyword : Outbreak, Malaria, Risk Factor, KAP. Abstrak Pada bulan Desember 2010 telah terjadi kejadian luar biasa (KLB) malaria di Kabupaten Purbalingga. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor risiko dari perilaku masyarakat yang berhubungan dengan kejadian luar biasa malaria di Kabupaten Purbalingga. Jenis penelitian deskriptif analitik desain cross sectional dengan unit analisis yaitu penderita malaria yang berobat ke puskesmas desa setempat. Hasil observasi lingkungan fisik menggambarkan kondisi rumah penduduk dan sekitarnya di kedua desa sangat rentan terhadap penularan malaria. Hasil uji faktor risiko di Desa Panusupan diperoleh nilai Odds Ratio (OR) yaitu 0,536 (OR<1) maka diduga bahwa kepergian responden berasosiasi negatif dengan kejadian malaria. Faktor risiko di Desa Sidareja diperoleh nilai Odds Ratio (OR) yaitu 1,643 (OR>1) maka diduga penularan malaria di Desa Sidareja berhubungan dengan kepergian responden baik untuk bekerja maupun pergi keluar desa (kasus import). Hasil pengetahuan sikap dan perilaku (PSP) responden menunjukkan tingkat pengetahuan dan perilaku relatif masih rendah bahkan tingkat sikap responden masih banyak yang tidak mendukung cara pencegahan dan pencarian pengobatan malaria yang sesuai harapan. Kata Kunci : KLB, Malaria, Faktor Risiko, PSP

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Journal

Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Indonesian Bulletin of Health Research) is a quarterly, open access... see more