The main purpose of education, according to Madjid as written in his fundamental political agenda about education, is increasing the value of the purity of human being given from God. This is related to the concept of tarbiyah and fitrah as keywords of Islamic education with the goal of fostering the whole person development through character building as well as the development of piety to Allah. This paper employs the semiotic research method and interpretive paradigm and qualitative methodology. This research was based on text analysis by reading text books as sign system. In Indonesian history, education has also raised the idea and the movement of modern nationalism. Therefore, education should be a form of the foremost strategic and productive inventory that should be put on one of the highest levels in the national development priority of Indonesia.