Kontribusi Jenis Bahan Makanan Terhadap Konsumsi Natrium Pada Anak Usia 6-18 Tahun Di Indonesia (Food Contribution in Sodium Intake of Children and Young Age [6-18 Years] in Indonesia)

Sri Prihatini • Elisa Diana Julianti • Hermina Hermina
Journal article Nutrition and Food Research • 2016 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 10 pages)

Abstract

Hypertension, heart disease and stroke are a major cause of death in Indonesia. In 2013, the prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia about 25,8 persen. WHO concluded that excess sodium consumption showing a positive straightline relationship with increased incidence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The aim of data analysis was to get information about the contribution of sodium intake in children aged 6-18 years. The data came from Individual Food Consumption Study in 2014. The 24 hours recall were done in 2014 was administered to 34.956 children and young people boys and girls aged 6-18 years. Sodium intake were estimated indirectly from food consumption data. The analysis showed that the average of sodium intake in children age 6-18 years were 2609 mg /day, of which as much as 55.3 percent consume more than 2000 mg/day. The food groups that highly contribute to sodium intake were from seasoning (51.8%), cereals and cereals product (21.16%), fish and fish product (10.69%), meat and meat products (4.78%). The main source of sodium intake in children 6-18 years age came from salt (43.9%), followed by noodles (13.2%), other condiment (7.9%) and fresh fish (5.4%) processed fish (5.3%) in consecutive. While other foods contribute less than 5 percent of sodium.

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Nutrition and Food Research

First published in 1971, Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan (Nutrition and Food Research) is a peer-revi... see more