Besaran Keragaman dan Kualitas Konsumsi Bahan Makanan pada Ibu Hamil di Indonesia (The Quality And Food Diversity Of Pregnant Women In Indonesia)

Yuniar Rosmalina • Erna Luciasari
Journal article Nutrition and Food Research • 2016 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 10 pages)

Abstract

Low quantities and qualities of dietary intake have effects on the health and nutritional status of the mother and the infant. The aim is to assess the food diversity and quality of food consumption of pregnant women in Indonesia. The study was cross-sectional survey design covered 33 provinces and 497 districts in Indonesia, and 643 pregnant women were included in this analysis. The food comsumption data was collection assessed using 24 hour recall method. The consumption of seralia and roots 275.8 g and the consumption of the rural mother were higher compared to urban (271.6 g). The consumption of animal protein source group, fruits and milk of urban pregnant women were higher compared to rural pregnant mothers. The food consumption of urban pregnant mother more diversity than rural pregnant mother and the percentage mother who consumed ≥ 5 food groups was 90.7 percent (urban) and 78.4 percent (rural). The energy, protein, and fat intake of urban pregnant women were significantly higher compared to rural mother. The average score pph was 58. 2 and the score was higher in urban (62.6) women compare to rural (53.2). The score will be increase as the food diversity more than 5 food groups and the energy requirement was 100 percent. So was the score of protein intake.

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Nutrition and Food Research

First published in 1971, Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan (Nutrition and Food Research) is a peer-revi... see more