Kajian Dinamika Pantai Selatan Banyuwangi Berdasarkan Hasil Penafsiran Citra Satelit Landsat Tm

Undang Hernawan • Kris Budiono
Journal article Jurnal Geologi Kelautan • 2008

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 7 pages)

Abstract

Hasil kajian citra satelit Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) menunjukkan daerah pantai selatan Banyuwangi mempunyai empat karakteristik dinamika pantai, yaitu daerah akresi, terjadi di muara Sungai Gonggo, Sungai Baru, dan Sungai Pergaul yang terjadi karena tingginya aliran (run off) dari sungai. Daerah abrasi terjadi di Teluk Grajagan yang terjadi karena adanya arus menerus dari laut sehingga sedimen dari Segoro Anakan tidak bisa diendapkan di daerah teluk dan hanya di muka sungai. Daerah abrasi dan akresi terdapat di teluk Rajegwesi dan Pancamaya yang mempunyai daerah akresi di muara sungai dan daerah abrasi di bagian sisi teluknya. Daerah stabil, terdapat di daerah-daerah yang menjorok ke laut dan sepanjang pantai Alas Purwo. Daerah akresi maupun abrasi umumnya terjadi di daerah topografi rendah, landai dan berupa aluvium, sedangkan daerah stabil terdapat pada daerah dengan topografi bertebing dan batuan penyusun berupa batuan keras. Kata kunci : sedimen, dinamika pantai, Landsat TM, pantai selatan Banyuwangi The result of the assesment of Landsat TM imageries show that the coastal area of south Banyuwangi have four coastal dynamic characteristics those are: accretion, abrasion, accretion and abrasion, and stable areas. Accretion area, is located in the river estuary of Gonggo, Baru, and Pergaul rivers that occur by run off from river. Abrasion area, is located in Grajagan Bay caused by continuous current from the sea so that the sediment from Segoro Anakan cannot precipitate in the bay area but only in the river mouth. Abrasion and accretion areas are located in Rajegwesi and Pancamaya Bays where the accretion area is in a river estuary but the abrasion area is in the side shares of the bay. Stable area is located in the peninsula area and along the Alas Purwo coast. Generally the accretion or abrasion areas were occurred in low relief topography and occupied by alluvium, whereas the stable area is characterized by the high relief topography consisting of hard rock. Key words: sediment, coastal dynamic, Landsat TM, south coast of Banyuwangi.

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Journal

Jurnal Geologi Kelautan

Jurnal Geologi Kelautan is a scientific journal in the field of geology related to marine geology... see more