An electrical power system is subject to constant adversities due to its complexity, sensitivity and physical dimensions. Special emphasis is given to transmission lines (TL) that are the most vulnerable elements of an electrical system. Although most of the occurrences of distortions in the voltage signals from atmospheric discharges and overload are not detrimental to the energy supply, it is important to have control of these currents, since this allows the classification of the fault type and its geometric location on the transmission line. This study aims to compare different fault situations in a transmission line and to verify changes in time series models (TS). This study was carried out through computational tests performed with MatLAB®and RStudio® software. A total of 272faults were simulated in different situations. The obtained results were compared with the Traveling Wave Theory (TWT), another quite widespread fault localization technique. The above study revealed the applicability of time series in oscillographic data of fault situations in transmission lines with errors lower than 1.25%.