Produksi Pektin Bermetoksil Rendah Dari Kulit Jeruk Nipis (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) Secara Spontan Menggunakan Pelarut Amonium Oksalat Dan Asam

Sri Usmiati • Djumali Mangunwidjaja • Erliza Noor • Nur Richana • Endang Prangdimurti

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 11 pages)

Abstract

Spontaneously production of low methoxyl pectin from peel of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle using solvent of ammonium oxalate and acidThe development of extraction technology of low methoxyl pectin/LMP continue to be explored caused by limited the plant source. The research objective was to obtain low methoxyl pectin directly from the pectin extraction of lime peel (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle). The study was preceeded by a twostage preliminary researches using a completely randomized design, each of which was to obtain the best temperature (first stage) and duration of extraction (second stage) to be used as a condition of extraction process in the primary research. The primary research used factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The first factor was solvent type (P): P1 (ammonium oxalate+oxalic acid), citric acid) and P2 (ammonium oxalate+oxalic acid, hydrochloric acid), and the second factor was pH (K): K1 (pH 1) and K2 (pH 2), as well as control was solvent P0 [citric acid (t1), hydrochloric acid (t2); pH 2.0]. Successive two-stage extraction on 100°C was done for 45 minutes using ammonium oxalate+oxalic acid followed by 10 minutes using citric acid or hydrochloric acid. Measurement parameters included yield, degree of esterification (DE), anhidrouronic acid/AUA levels, methoxyl content, moisture content, ash content, and equivalent weight. From the results of research, the interaction between solvent tipe and acidity level of P2K2 (ammonium oxalate+oxalic acid, hydrochloric acid; pH 2) could directly produce LMP from extraction of lime peel characterized by DE of 45.77%, methoxyl content of 1.53% and ash content of 4.77%. Effect of solvent of ammonium oxalate+oxalic acid, hydrochloric acid (P2) at both pH levels resulted pectin yield of 10.0%, AUA of 19.21%, and equivalent weight of 1878.82. The pectin moisture of 7.91% was produced from acidity of pH 2 (K2) on both type of solvent. To obtain LMP from peel of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle it was recommended to use the extraction solvent of P2K2 (ammonium oxalate+oxalic acid, hydrochloric acid; pH 2) on temperature of 100oC.

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Journal

Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Postharvest Research

The Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Postharvest Research (Jurnal Penelitian Pascapanen Pertani... see more