This study, which aims to determine the principles of traditional Turkish Sports Management and organizational structure, will examine the ethnocenosis system of Göktürk State, which is a state that uses only the Turkish alphabet and the first Turkish identity among the Turkish States established up to date, and try to determine the structure of sport management and organization which they formed mainly in war and physical education. In the study, a qualitative method called "descriptive field scanning", documentary or documentary study was followed (Karasar,1976). In order to determine the organizational structure of the Göktürk State, it has been analyzed with the observations of China, Rome, Orhun Abdüleri, epic poems, traveler's observations, archaic cosmology of Gokturk society and the discoveries of various fields working on that period. Turkish history can be considered as a military history until the last two hundred years. Turkish society is one in which, in the light of the available data, throughout history, military-civil distinction is not considered, and all members of the society are considered soldiers. "The army was in the people, the people in the army". Therefore; Göktürk State was formed in parallel with the state hierarchy in all the cities under the state government (Yaylak-Kışlak) in the structure of sport management organization.