Abstrac. This paper specifically discusses the Islamic sects from the social aspect, given the birth of the religious school can not be separated from the social environment. Social behavior has shaped the character in understanding the teachings of religion, thus giving birth to religious streams adapted to the local social context. Therefore, the growth of Islam is part of social interaction and religious teachings that become the repertoire of Islamic theological thought, such as Ahmadiyah. As a religious organization, the birth of Ahmadiyah is not much different from the birth of Shia, Sunni and Khawarij. Given that each sect has a different social character at the beginning of its birth, so does the Ahmadiyya. the sociologically Ahmadiyya is a portrait of the Islamic struggle in India with the surrounding theological character. This study is a research library that aims to analyze the history of Islamic theological thought by using social approach. Hopefully, it can open Islamic discourse related to the birth of sect in Islam, especially Ahmadiyah. Given the birth of a sect is not a religious teaching that comes from God, but part of one's ijtihad in answering social problems in a time.