Objective: To analyze the therapeutic process of hypertensive and diabetic elderly assisted in Hiperdia program UBS city of Ariquemes, Rondônia, Brazil. Method: The research model was a quantitative study, cross, which was used pre-structured form. The sample consisted of 196 patients with hypertension and / or diabetes between 60 and 92 years. Results: Predominantly female 66.9%, a consumption of 5.40 per individual medications, and frequent self-medication few physiological parameters described in the charts. Overweight and obesity prevalence in the elderly 78.9%, 67.5% with systolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg and 79.3% with greater than 125 mg glucose / dL. Statistical tests observing pool was applied between the amount of medication and self-medication (p = 0.001) correlation with significance between age and systolic blood pressure (p = 0.003) and body mass and age index (p = 0.018) was observed association between income and acquisition of medication or correlation between age and glucose values. Of the research subjects, 44% reported problems with the drug that can lead to lack of adherence to treatment, and future complications. Conclusions: 1059 drugs were used. 76% of patients acquire medication in at least 02 different sites may favor the therapeutic duplication. Among the most cited DRPs are stomach problems and discomfort, 17.4% have difficulty in recognizing, 15.1% are not taking the drug due to adverse accustomed and 69.4% use at least one self-medication. In the classification of physiological parameters was observed lack of data in the records, and 79.3% had blood glucose levels> 125 mg / dL and 67.5% with SBP> 140 mmHg, it was also observed association between the amount of medication and self-medication and correlation between age and SBP and BMI and age.