Upaya Mempertahankan Eksistensi Cengkeh di Provinsi Maluku melalui Rehabilitasi dan Peningkatan Produktivitas

Agung Budi Santoso
Journal article Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian • June 2018 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 7 pages)


Clove is one of the commodities that continually contributes to both income national and local levels, as export commodities or fulfills domestic demand. Clove developed at moluccas first in Indonesia, namely; Bacan, Makian, Moti, Ternate, and Tidore. Moluccas have cultivated clove for generations and have high diversity of clove genetic resources. Several famous indigenous cloves are AFO, Tibobo, Tauro, Sibela, Indari, Air mata, Dokiri, Daun Buntal, and others. In addition, there are clove cultivation, namely; Zanzibar, Siputih, Sikotok, and Ambon. Diversity of varieties and agro- ecological conditions makes Moluccas be largest production of clove after South Sulawesi. Due to various constraints, clove production is estimated decreased. This is due to lack of rehabilitation of plants as the impact of low prices or lack of technology introduction. This paper describes about clove production in Maluku with and without rehabilitation. Based on the results of dynamic systems model, clove production was projected decline until 15 to 30 years. Efforts to maintain clove existence as clove producer and increase of productivity should be done immediately by plant rehabilitation in the long term. Rehabilitation efforts by replacing old plant and replacement 10% of degraded land per year will fulfill the cloves of demand whichincreased 1.5% per year. Plant rehabilitation must be accompanied with increasing productivity in the short term through fertilization to repair the damage crops after harvest.




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