Comparison of TNF-α and TGF-β Expression in Breast Cancer Tissues-with and Without Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis

Ayu Tyasmara • Willy Sandhika
Journal article Indonesian Journal of Cancer • March 2018

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Background: Breast carcinoma dynamics can be seen from the inflammatory mediator produced and some of expressed cytokine mediators mostly found in breast cancer tissues are TNF-α and TGF-β. This research analyzed TNF-α and TGF-β influence in axillary lymph nodes metastasis to prove the role of cytokines in breast cancer dynamics and to be taken as prognosis. Methods: This research used paraffin block of breast carcinoma in various stages of axillary lymph nodes metastasis and TNF-α and TGF-β antibody to observe the expressions. Result: There were significant differences in TNF-α expressions improvement with p < 0.05 in lymph nodes metastasis N1 (13.18%) and TNF-α expressions reduction in lymph nodes metastasis N2 (52.27%) and N3 (27.27%) compared with lymph nodes without metastasis (52.73%). There were no significant differences in TGF-β expressions of all N groups. Conclusion: The result stated that TNF-α cytokines can be used as biomarker independently predicting breast carcinoma prognosis and progressivity.




Indonesian Journal of Cancer

The Indonesian Journal of Cancer (official journal of the Dharmais Cancer Center Hospital) is a p... see more