Comparison of TNF-α and TGF-β Expression in Breast Cancer Tissues-with and Without Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis

Ayu Tyasmara • Willy Sandhika
Journal article Indonesian Journal of Cancer • March 2018

Abstract

Background: Breast carcinoma dynamics can be seen from the inflammatory mediator produced and some of expressed cytokine mediators mostly found in breast cancer tissues are TNF-α and TGF-β. This research analyzed TNF-α and TGF-β influence in axillary lymph nodes metastasis to prove the role of cytokines in breast cancer dynamics and to be taken as prognosis. Methods: This research used paraffin block of breast carcinoma in various stages of axillary lymph nodes metastasis and TNF-α and TGF-β antibody to observe the expressions. Result: There were significant differences in TNF-α expressions improvement with p < 0.05 in lymph nodes metastasis N1 (13.18%) and TNF-α expressions reduction in lymph nodes metastasis N2 (52.27%) and N3 (27.27%) compared with lymph nodes without metastasis (52.73%). There were no significant differences in TGF-β expressions of all N groups. Conclusion: The result stated that TNF-α cytokines can be used as biomarker independently predicting breast carcinoma prognosis and progressivity.

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Journal

Indonesian Journal of Cancer

The Indonesian Journal of Cancer (official journal of the Dharmais Cancer Center Hospital) is a p... see more