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description Journal article public Indonesian Journal of Infectious Disease

Identification Of Intestinal Microbes In Children With Diarrhea Andnon-diarrhea Using Polymerase Chain Reaction / Electrospray Ionization-mass Spectrometry (Pcr / Esi-ms)

Teguh Sarry Hartono, Dewi Murniati, Andi Yasmon, Lucky H. Moehario
Published 2015

Abstract

Microbiota present in human intestinal are diverse, and imbalance in composition of intestinal flora may cause diarrhea.This study aimed to obtain a profile of intestinal bacteria in children with and without diarrhea and assess their presence with incidence of diarrhea. An analitical descriptive with cross sectional design study was carried out. A stool specimen was collected from each children of 2-12 years old with and without diarrhea who lived in North Jakarta. DNA extraction was performed prior to detection of microbes using Polymerase Chain Ceaction/Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry.Eighty stool specimens consisted of 33 and 47 specimens from children with and without diarrhea were included in the study. Thirty single and 6 multiple matches were detected in 30 specimens of the diarrhea group; 28 single and 8 multiple matches were found in 34 specimens of the non-diarrhea.Escherechiacoli and Klebsiella pneumonia were predominant in both groups. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were deteced in the diarrhea group, while Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria and Verrucomicrobia were in the non-diarrhea. The relationship of incidence of diarrhea and the present of enteropathogens in the stool was not significant, however, there was a strong correlation of the risk of suffering diarrhea due to the presence of enteropathogens (OR = 0.724 with 95%, CI: 0.237-2.215).In conclusion, most bacteria detected in both groups were similar, nonetheless, Actinobacteria was present only in the non-diarrhea. The chance to have diarrhea was higher when enteropathogen was detected in the stool.

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