Nowadays technological developments, the use of lasers in production is increasing and plays an important role due to low cost and high accuracy. The heat transfer, over the course of laser-metal interplay, has a great importance in metal forming. In this study, different types of materials were investigated in order to designate the temperature distributions inside material and on the material surface versus the thermodynamic properties of the material used and then the temperature distributions obtained from the analysis were compared each other. In addition, the heat transfer is occurring during the interaction of the laser power of 1.1010 W/m2 and 5.1010 W/m2 with laser power intensity in two main groups using different materials these are steel, nickel, tantalum and titanium, and numerical results are obtained using the finite-difference method. In the first step, a solution is obtained by electron kinetic theory according to the basic heat transfer. In the second step, since heat convection is formed after material has reached the melting point. Using electron kinetic theory model for convection solutions have been obtained. Moreover, the temperature distribution that occurs during the laser metal interaction was studied by variation of the time chart and the material depth. As a result of the study, material's surface at the correct temperature of liquid phase change material and increased depth in the direction perpendicular to the electro-kinetic theory approach is further demonstrated by the decrease in the first manner and then remains constant in exponential phase change temperature. In addition to this the analysis results, the substrate temperature increases, the change in phase in the material becomes smaller and smaller.