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description Conference paper public 4th International Conference on Public Health 2018

Correlates of Stress among Adult Male Inmates in a Local Prison, Malaysia

Hayati Kadir Shahar, Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Gunenthira Rao, Firdaus Mukhtar
Published 29 August 2018

Abstract

Background: Prison is a place of confinement especially for lawbreakers which can have an impact on mental health including stress. Yet, very few studies examined stress among prison inmates. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of stress among adult male inmates in a local prison in Malaysia. Subjects and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at a medium security prison in peninsular Malaysia. A sample of 460 inmates was selected for this study. The dependent variable was stress. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, biological influence, psychological factor, childhood related history and offence related history. Stress was measured by pretest and validated Cohen’s Perceived Stress Scale, which was categorized into high and low stresses. The data were collected by questionnaire and in depth review. The data were analyzed by chi-square and logistic regression. Results: The mean (SD) age of respondents was 38.33 (8.90) years. The preva lence of stress among the inmates was 55.2%. After adjusting for the covariates, stress was associated with depression (aOR= 4.03; CI 95% 2.64 to 6.15; p<0.001), age (aOR= 2.35; CI 95% 1.57 to 3.53; p<0.001), and history of childhood labor (aOR= 1.80; CI 95% 1.03 to 3.15; p= 0.040). Conclusion: More than half of the study subjects experience stress, with depression being the strongest predictor. Further study is needed to understand the causal relationship between the two for effective intervention can be in place for this vulnerable group.

Keywords: stress, adult, male, inmate, prison

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