Background: Good posture is important for an individual health as well as appearance. Poor occupational posture may cause negative impacts such as soreness & pain, poor circulation, negative mood, increased stress, carpal tunnel synd¬rome, less motivation, poor digestion, and fatigue. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between body mass index, type of occupation, his¬tory of chronic illness, and poor occupational posture.
Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Dr. Moewar¬di hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from April to May 2018. A sample of 116 patients was selected for this study by fixed disease sampling. The dependent va¬ri¬able was occupational posture. The independent variables were body mass index, type of occupation, and history of chronic illness. Occupational posture da¬ta were measured by Rapid Entry Body Assessment (REBA) questionnaire. The other variables were measured by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a mul¬¬tiple logistic regression.
Results: Poor occupational posture was associated with body mass index ≥25 (OR= 0.99; 95% CI= 0.02 to 1.96; p= 0.044), heavy occupational type (OR= 2.24; 95% CI= 1.34 to 3.14; p<0.001), and history of chronic illness (OR= 0.78; 95% CI= -0.10 to 1.67; p= 0.084).
Conclusion: Poor occupational posture is associated with body mass index ≥25, heavy occupational type, and history of chronic illness.
Keywords: occupational posture, body mass index, occupational type, history of ill¬ness