Uji Potensi Beberapa Varietas Bawang Merah untuk Menghasilkan Biji Botani di Dataran Tinggi Sulawesi Selatan (Test Potential For Some Variety To Produce True Shallot Seed In Highland South Sulawesi)

Nfn Nurjanani • Fadjry Djufry
Journal article Jurnal Hortikultura • December 2018 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 8 pages)

Abstract

Shallot cultivation in South Sulawesi has been using local tubers as seeds. The continuous use of tubers as seed can cause a decrease in production. One effort to overcome this problem is by using botanical seeds (true shallot seed/TSS). The research aims to shallot varieties that are capable of producing botanical seeds (TSS) above 1 g per clump. The research was conducted in Loka Village, Rumbia District, Jeneponto Regency from March to September 2015. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design with four treatments varieties, and three replications. The results showed that the varieties that produce the most seeds were Trisula and Pancasona weighing 4.90 g and 4.18 g per clump respectively, with the percentage of flowering plants 93% and 90% respectively. In contrast to the Maja Cipanas and Mentes varieties which produced seeds of 1.85 g and 1.49 g respectively, but the percentage of plants flowering in the Maja Cipanas variety only 60% and the Mentes variety was 30%. Two shallot varieties namely Trisula and Pancasona can be recommended as producers of shallot TSS seeds in the dry highlands of South Sulawesi. R/C ratio analysis of shallot farming in producing TSS was 1.3, which means that TSS seed production is worth to effort.

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Jurnal Hortikultura

Jurnal Hortikultura (J.Hort) memuat artikel primer yang bersumber dari hasil penelitian hortikul... see more