Gambaran Kualitas Tidur pada Penderita Hipertensi Quality Of Sleep Among Hypertension Patients

Putwi Rizki Sakinah • Cecep Eli Kosasih • Eka Afrima Sari

Abstract

People with hypertension experience symptoms of dizziness, headache, obstructive sleep apnea, shortness of breath, nocturia, and restless legs syndrome which disturb sleep and reduce its quality. This research's objective was to describe the sleep quality overview of Puskesmas Rancaekek's hypertension patients. Using descriptive quantitative method with purposive sampling technique, this research aimed at 79 Puskesmas Rancaekek's patients who had been diagnosed with hypertension for at least one month long. The data were collected using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and analysed using the total score resulted; ≤5 was good while >5 was poor. Results showed 94.6% of respondents had poor sleep quality. The dimensions that contribute to the poor sleep quality included >30 minutes sleep latency, <5 hours sleep duration, <65% of sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance due to waking up at midnight or early morning and waking up to toilet, and activity disturbance at daylight. The conclusion was that Puskesmas need to develop preventive and promotive efforts to minimize the complication of hypertension patients and optimize their quality of life by helping them improve their quality of sleep. Meanwhile, the self-management that should be done by the patients were avoiding the consumption of coffee and cigarettes, limiting physical activities, and doing physical exercise and relaxation therapies.

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Journal

Media Kesehatan Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar

Media Kesehatan Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar is a scientific journal published by the Makassar H... see more