Journal article // Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian






Karakteristik Sosial Ekonomi dan Kendala Produksi dan Pemasaran Ternak Kambing Lakor di Pulau Lakor Provinsi Maluku
2017
Jomima M. Tatipikalawan

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the socioeconomic characteristics of goat breeders and the constraints that affect the production and marketing of Lakor goat livestock as well as policy interventions desired by ranchers on the island of Lakor. The results showed that the characteristics of Lakor goat breeders were low-educated, as the main business, using family labor, most breeders are productive aged, the business scale can reach> 50 tails, the breeding goals are for income, saving and only a small part to obtain organic fertilizer. The production system of Agropastoral management (65.00%) and pastoral (35.00%). Economic analysis shows that the average income per year per breeder Rp. 6.153.750,00 and B/C ratio of 2.14. Production constraint is the decreasing of pasture quality during the dry season, thus it is necessary for technology introduction, extensive maintenance system needs to be changed to semi intensive system, and intensively and no seed selection. This condition needs to be improved to increase production and productivity. Existing sales problem is the weakness of market access and access to financial institutions due to unavailability of marketing support infrastructure and farmers have no guarantee to obtain loans from the Bank. In addition, all respondents wanted government intervention in providing supervisors, availability of production facilities such as medicines and vitamins with low prices, provision of road infrastructure, land transportation facilities and special vessels of livestock. Certification of Lakor goat livestock are important to prevent the extinction of livestock clumps native to Indonesia, maintaining the quality of Lakor goat breeder and Lakor island can be used as a producer area of goat seeds in Indonesia. The role of research institutions including universities is extremely needed in producing technology.
Keywords: Goat Lakor, characteristics of farmers, constraints, government intervention
 

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