Every technology is built on the basis of certain theory, instructional technology is built on the basis of principles that is drawn from communication theory and results of research in the utilization of communication technology. This study aims to gain an overview of the contribution of communication theory and technology in instructional technology. Instructional technology is built based on the principles that is drawn from various theories, one of them is a theory of communication. Instructional technology is utilizing communication media based on communication technology (broadcasting technology) which is a radio and television. The results of this study indicates that contribution or support theory and communication technology in the presence of various Instructional technologies as an alternative learning model in which innovative based communications technology to solve problems of learning and teaching. For instance, the use of books, films, radio broadcasts, television broadcasts, etc. in efforts to use communication technologies to support the quality improvement of learning process.