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description Journal article public Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Sains dan Teknologi

Perilaku Makan Gajah Sumatera (Elephas Maximus Sumatranus) di Taman Margasatwa Ragunan

Rena Riana Anita, Dewi Elfidasari, Donny Gunaryadi
Published 2018

Abstract

- Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is one of Asian elephants subspecies that live in Sumatra Island, Indonesia. Elephants are a key species that must be preserved. Therefore, it is necessary to do a conservation about elephants. Taman Margasatwa Ragunan (TMR) is one of the ex-situ conservation area. An observation about elephant feeding behavior in ex-situ area is important to know the mechanism of elephant adaptation in the ex-situ area which is not their original habitat because most of elephant activity is spent on feeding activity. The purpose of this observation is to describe the feeding behavior of Sumatran elephant in TMR. This observation was conducted by observing the eating behavior of four elephants consisting of two adult elephants and two baby elephants which included: the time of feeding activity, the type of food, the eating behavior, and the interactions that occurred during feeding activity. Data analysis is using descriptive analysis and by comparing the percentage of elephant feeding behavior. The result obtained is there are three behaviors of elephants in TMR during feeding: taking, cutting, and chewing foods. Differences in elephant behavior are affected by age and type of foods.Keywords – Elephants, Sumatran Elephants, Eating behaviour, Ragunan Wildlife Park

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