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description Journal article public Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Sains dan Teknologi

Kajian Morfologi Ikan Timpakul (Famili Gobiidae) dari Dua Tipe Ekosistem Mangrove yang Berbeda

Anang Kadarsah, Krisdianto Krisdianto, Ika Oksi Susilawati
Published 2019

Abstract

- Ecological studies of exotic animals such as Timpakul fish (Family of Gobiidae) in mangrove ecosystems is important to enriching the knowledge and for the overall of biodiversity management. The purpose of this study was to compare the abundance and morphology of Timpakul fish in two types of mangrove ecosystems. especially in the Village of Kuala Tambangan and Pagatan Besar, Tanah Laut Regency, South Kalimantan. Survey data and fishing was used by 1 meter x 10 meters of nets with 10 replications. Its found about three types of Timpakul fish, ie: Boleophthalmus pectinirostris, Periophthalmodon schlosseri, and Boleophthalmus boddarti. Rhizophora sp. and Bruguiera Sp. types vegetation were dominantly in Kuala Tambangan estuary (65.8% and 34.2%), while in Pagatan Besar beach it is dominated by Bruguiera Sp. (50.8%) and Avicennia sp. (49.2%). The highest percentage attendance in Pagatan Besar Beach is found for Boleopthalmus pectinirostris (64%), while in Kuala Tambangan Estuary was dominantly by Boleophthalmus boddarti (71.11%). Based on the five main morphological characters (SL=standard length, HL=head length, FDFB=first dorsal fin base, SDFB=second dorsal fin base length, and VFL=Ventral fin length: in mm of unit), so the highest average was found in Periophthalmodon schlosseri (SL=167.50:HL=46.67:FDFB=22.17:SDFB=35.33 and VFL = 24.17). It is followed by Boleophthalmus pectinirostris (SL = 131.89: HL = 31.22: FDFB = 21.67: SDFB = 49.67 and VFL = 17.11). Then the lowest is Boleophthalmus boddarti (SL = 130.55: HL = 30.64: FDFB = 18.27: SDFB = 52.73 and VFL = 16, 73). Substrate content (sand: dust: clay) percentage average in Kuala Tambangan estuary is 17.26%:77.52%:5.21% while in Pagatan Beach the ratio is 3.52%: 85.46%: 11.03%.Keywords - Abundance, Mangrove, Morphology, Mudskipper

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