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description Journal article public Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Sains dan Teknologi

Perimbangan Keuntungan dalam Rantai Pasok Agroindustri Kelapa Sawit

Syarif Hidayat
Published 2018

Abstract

- The general problem in the development of agroindustry is that its potencial has not been fully utilized effectively and efficiently due to the constraints in the financial and technology resources, and institutional weaknesses. Another major problem is the financial imbalance between the supply, distributor, retailer and consumer sides. In the palm oil industry the highest profit margin enjoyed in the downstream of the chain, the producers, exporters, and distributors of products derivatives like frying oil, olein, etc, far exceeding the profit received by the farmers in the upstream. It is imperative to balance the profitability levels along the supply chain to ensure the survival and continuity of the chain, otherwise the whole chain will collapse if any of the dependent actors suffer losses or go bankrupt. In this paper the writer endeavour to develop the mathematical model of the profit in the palm oil supply chain network using the balancing of B/C ratio approach described by Tarigan in his dissertation (2008). Feasibility analysis of a project dictates that B/C ratio should be > 1. To obtain a fair balance of profitability overall value of B/C ratio should be the same along the way. This may be achieved by adjusting the selling/buying prices of the raw materials or the costs and expenditures.Keywords - Agroindustry, Palm Oil, Distribution Supply-Chain, B/C Ratio.

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