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description Journal article public Eureka: Life Sciences

Study of Influence of Calcium Content in Milk on Quality Indicators of Cottage Cheese

Nataliya Grynchenko, Daria Tyutyukova, Pavlo Pyvovarov
Published 2017

Abstract

The analysis was realized, and the dependence between the calcium content and organoleptic and functional-technological properties of milk as a raw material for producing sour milk cheese was determined. It was demonstrated, that alongside with other factors, the important role in milk clotting belongs to calcium, which role is in binding of free OH-groups of phosphoric acid of casein micelles. As a result of the aforesaid, their negative charge and colloid stability decrease with further hydrophilicity decrease with further aggregation of casein molecules. It was established, that the excessive content of calcium in milk is negative that is manifested in formation of the dry and brittle consistence of sour milk cheese. There was offered the way of calcium content regulation in milk by its decalcification using the natural sorbent of sodium alginate. Regulation of the milk salt system, especially, the calcium content as an initial raw material for producing sour milk cheese by the change of the content and condition of calcium allowed to correct parameters of the process of sour milk cheese making and its functional-technological properties, especially, moisture-keeping ability, form stability and other. It was established, that the decrease of the calcium content in milk provides getting sour milk cheese with the soft, easily smearing consistence, without whey separation. The obtained data on the characteristic of organoleptic indicators fully correlate with studies of the microstructure and dispersity of sour milk cheese. It was determined, that milk decalcification results in raising dispersity of sour milk cheese at the synchronous increase of the percent content of protein particles with minimal size characteristics in the system. It was elucidated, that the microstructure of studied samples consists of protein grains of the same form, evenly distributed by the whole volume. Based on the obtained experimental data, there were corrected parameters of the technological process of sour milk cheese production. There were elaborated ways of formation of the culinary products assortment on the base of sour milk cheese, produced of decalcified milk.

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