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description Journal article public Fenomena

الإشارة والعبارة وأثـرها في تحديد المصطلحات الصوفية

Nur Hadi Ihsan, Muhammad Ishommudin
Published 2020

Abstract

This study will analyze the use of the 'al-Isyārah' and 'al-Ibārah' diction in the perspective Sufi expressions of Ibn Athāillah as-Sakandary, as well as analyzing the influence of the diction on the technical terms in the discipline of Sufism. The technical term used by Sufis in their books has been criticized by ulama from other disciplines, because Sufis use technical terms that are rarely used and seem strange. Sufis prefer a cryptic language called 'isyārah', but in some cases they also use a clear language commonly called'al-Ibārah'. Ibn Athāillah (d. 709 h) has an interesting description of this topic and places it proportionally. Both ‘isyārah' and ‘ibārah' are basically a form of method for expressing intuitive knowledge about the secrets of God. ' al-Ibārah' can be used if a Sufi does have certain capabilities. Also, it can be used as a form of education for the sālik. Apart from these two things, a Sufi can express it with 'al-Isyārah' and 'rumziyyah' or choose to store it as personal knowledge. The way this disclosure impacts the technical terms used. Sufis choose metaphorical or technical expressions that differ from philosophical, kalam or tasawuf traditions. Thus, despite using such expressions, their technical term does not come out of the scientific standard.

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