“Analisis Rasio Keuangan Camel Terhadap Prediksi Kepailitan Pada Bank Umum Swasta Nasional Di Indonesia Periode 2004 – 2007”

Hesti Budiwati
Journal article WIGA: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Ekonomi • 2011 Indonesia

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(Bahasa Indonesia, 14 pages)

Abstract

Hesti Budiwati, Widyagama University Graduate Program in Malang, May 2009, the title of research: Financial Ratio Analysis Prediction CAMEL Against Bankruptcy On PrivateNational Commercial Bank in Indonesia Period 2004-2007. Mentors I: Dr. H.M. Sodik, SE, MSi. Supervising II: Noviansyah Rizal, SE, MM. The challenge of the banking sector in the future will be more severe, most of which areperceived as a failure of risk management in managing risk can lead to bankruptcy. CAMEL financial ratio analysis can be used as an early warning system of bankruptcy. The purpose of this study are: 1) to obtain empirical evidence regarding differences in financial ratios simultaneously CAMEL significant between bankrupt and insolvent banks, 2) to obtain empirical evidence regarding differences in financial ratios partially CAMEL significant between bankrupt and insolvent banks, 3 ) to obtain empirical evidence regarding the dominant CAMEL financial ratio in differentiating the bank bankrupt andnot bankrupt and 4) to determine the ability of the prediction of several variables distinguishing the CAMEL financial ratios in predicting bankruptcy. Based on the purpose of this study include explanatory research to test the ability of CAMEL financial ratio of CAR, KP, APYD, APYDAP, NPA, PPAP, ROA, ROE, NIM, BOPO, the FBI and the LDR, in predicting bankruptcy in the National Private Banks in Indonesia period 2004 to 2007. The financial statements are used for bank bankruptcy is a two-year financial statements before the bankruptcy, while for banks that do not fit with thebankrupt bank's financial reporting period of bankruptcy. Analysis tools used to test the hypothesis is discriminant analysis using the direct method. The results showed: 1) CAMEL financial ratio to simultaneously have a significantdifference between bankrupt and insolvent banks, 2) CAMEL financial ratio that have significant differences between the bank's partial bankruptcy and no bankruptcy is PPAP,ROE, NIM, BOPO and LD, 3 ) CAMEL financial ratio in the aspect of profitability (earnings) ratio of the NIM is the dominant bank in distinguishing bankrupt and notbankrupt, 4) The prediction of several variables distinguishing the CAMEL financial ratio can be used to accurately predict bankruptcy and stable. Other results obtained from thisresearch is by using a model of the cut-off point, the discriminant function generated by CAMEL financial ratio to predict bank is able to distinguish who is in financial trouble.

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WIGA: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Ekonomi

WIGA: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Ekonomi merupakan jurnal ilmu ekonomi yang diterbitkan oleh STIE Wid... see more