The Lesson of Implementing Non-Discrimination Principle on Indonesia-US Clove Cigarettes Case

Eva Johan
Journal article Indonesian Journal of International Law • 2013 Indonesia

Abstract

The Indonesian government recently won for keeping its rights on Clove Cigarette Case in WTO. It became a winning diplomacy on Indonesia trade. Indonesia has an objection on United States cigarette policy, which prohibit product of clove cigarette (mostly imported by Indonesia) in United States, because such policy violate one of the most important principle on WTO, Non-Discrimination Principle, which are Most Favoured Nations (MFN) and National Treatment. Indonesia won this case in both, Panel and Appellate Body. This winning is not only important for Indonesia but for all country, mainly for Developing and Less Developing Country member of WTO. This paper will examine the significance and contents of Non Discrimination Principle from the perspective of Indonesia-United States Tobacco Case.

Pemerintah Indonesia baru-baru ini memenangkan perkara dalam kasus Clove Cigarrette Case yang dibawa ke hadapan Badan Penyelesaian Sengketa World Trade Organisation (WTO Dispute Settlement Body). Hal ini menunjukkan posisi diplomasi Indonesia yang kuat di dalam bidang perdagangan. Indonesia mempertanyakan kebijakan Pemerintah Amerika Serikat terkait impor cengkeh di mana Indonesia menjadi pengimpor utamanya. Kebijakan yang dibuat oleh Pemerintah Amerika Serikat diduga melanggar salah satu prinsip non-diskriminasi WTO, yaitu Most Favourite Nation (MFN) dan National Treatment. Indonesia menang dalam tahap pemeriksaan di Panel Body dan Appellate Body. Kemenangan ini bukan saja penting bagi Indnesia melainkan juga bagi semua negara, khususnya negara berkembang dan negara kurang berkembang yang menjadi anggota WTO. Tulisan ini akan membahas signifikansi dan isi dari prinsip non-diskriminasi dari perspectif kasus tembakau antara Indonesia dan Amerika Serikat.

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Journal

Indonesian Journal of International Law

Indonesian Journal of International Law (IJIL) was first published in 2003 by the Center for Inte... see more