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description Journal article public Kesmas: National Public Health Journal

Sociodemographic Factors to Dengue Hemmorrhagic Fever Case in Indonesia

Desy Nuryunarsih
Published 1 August 2015

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children. Indonesia is one of those countries categorized by World Health Organization (WHO) as hyperendemicity with four serotypes circulating in urban area. Sociodemographic factors are considered as factors affecting DHF in Indonesia. This study used secondary data downloaded from Province Health Database 2010 of Health Ministry Republic of Indonesia to determine correlation between three sociodemographic factors to DHF incidence. This study used quantitative descriptive correlational methods. Results showed the selected two sociodemographic factors had a linear impact on DHF incidence. Multiple regression multivariate analysis showed least correlation between DHF incidence and three selected sociodemographic factors. However, the univariate regression analysis showed that population density and poverty had significant correlation to DHF, respectively the population density r(4) = 0.843, p value < 0.05 and poverty r(4) = 0.897, p value < 0.05. Variable of age under 15 years old did not have any positive correlation to DHF. It is expected this study may have contribution to DHF prevention programs by helping public health practitioners develop more strategies with respect to the sociodemographic factors.

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