Occurrence of metabolic syndrome is assumedly related to the changing of people's lifestyle into modern society, from consuming traditional food to instant food and be westernized. This study aimed to determine metabolic syndrome prevalence and its determinants from consumption patterns including vegetable and fruit consumption as well as consumption patterns of sweet, salty, fatty food, preserved animal side dishes and use of seasonings. This study was a part of advanced 2013 Basic Health Research data analysis by cross sectional design. A total of sample after weighting was 1,878,578 people on aged 18 years old and older. Collecting consumption pattern, anthropometry, clinic and biomedic data had been conducted. Data analysis used chi square and binary logistic regression. Metabolic syndrome prevalence in Indonesia is 23%, 26.6% on women and 18.3% on men. Consuming sweet food more than once a day was 43.5% and less than once a day was 10.5% with opportunity of suffering metabolic syndrome was 6.567 times. Salty food consumption included into often category had metabolic syndrome proportion worth 100% with 6.363 times risk of suffering metabolic syndrome. There was a significant relation (p value < 0.05) between the pattern of vegetable and fruit consumption, frequency of sweet, salty, fatty food, preserved animal side dishes, the seasoning use and instant noodle with metabolic syndrome occurrence in productive age.