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description Journal article public Jurnal WACANA

Pengelolaan Program Hutan Kemasyarakatan Berbasis Kearifan Lokal : Studi Kasus di Kawasan Hutan Lindung Sesaot Lombok Barat

Mukhtar -., Soemarno -., Kliwon -. Hidayat
Published 2010

Abstract

The research was aimed to: (1) evaluate comprehensively on the understanding of the local community on the Community Forest Programme (2) establish better understanding of Awig-Awig on Community Forest Management and (3) have better understanding of the Community Forest Programme implementation. Some theories have been used to analyse the research including: human ecology theory and Symbolic interactional theory. The methods of the research was a qualitative design using a case study. The responden or key informans were people who living accros the area both as farmer being involved in the programm and non-programme farmers as well as particular people who has better understanding on the community forest programme. The informans were determined using a snowball sampling dan purposive method. Data collecting was conducted by a direct observation, in-deepth interview, documentation and triangulation study. Data analysis was done with deskriptive analyse using Miles and Huberman Models. The data and information validation was tested using triangulation method and personal confirmation via deep discussion. Results of research: First, the Community forest programm according to local farmers was`transleted as a chance to have land holding in the forest area to be farming system. As a results, the people tend to behave exsploitatively and economically in maximizing the land use. In relation to conservation function, there were a discripancy understanding between community groups and Forest Institution. The conservation according to the local community was transleted from entire vegetation as economic objective, so, the use of land was dominated by the Multy Purposes Trees Species (MPTS) while based on the forest institution , the tree has to be integrated to the conservation function to support economic value. Second, The revitalisation of Awig-awig as the local convention of implementing the community forest programme is thought to be just a symbol of local value. Thus, the local wisdom was not effective to support the integration of conservation and economic objectives of such programme. From 12 points of convention as written on the Awig-Awig manuscript of Area Managmenen, the were only three point which have been accomodated effectively by the community while the rest of nine points were not obeyed. In other words, the people tend to break the convention on the Awig-Awig. It is important to note that the convention based on Awig-Awig which were very difficult to be solved including: illegal lodgging sindicate, slash and burning the land, illegal property, and convention relate to vegetation composition of the land. Third, The implementation of the community forest programme has not been effective to suport sustainable forest management. The management of the programm seems to be a short term target rather than long therm target. This is more likely due to the willingness orientation of the local community rather than to meet their daily needs. Based on the results, the academic recommendation proposed for the future research are : (i) land suitability in relation to meet the sufficiency of farmers income (ii) The appropriate vegetation composition should be applied on the agroforestry system to support ecology and economic functions of the forest. (iii) Establish a strengthern model of community institution on the basisi of local wisdom and local ecological knowledge. Practical recommendation (1) Zone management aspect: reinventarisation areal zone ,speed up a formal permits to community and reconstruction of the community forest area (2) Interpreneurships management; intervention programm on productive interpreneuirships; development programme on productive interpreneurships through sthrengthern of women role and change intensification system from forest area to close nearby or outside the area (3) institution managemen: for community institution, the spesific programme to sthrengthern building capacity of Awig-Awig is needed. A good government including policy commitment in particular for filed staff supervision to work based on law inforcement is indespensible.

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