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description Journal article public Harmoni Sosial: Jurnal Pendidikan IPS

Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Pembelajaran IPS melalui Metode Problem Solving Berbantuan Media Informasi

Nur Hestiningsih, Sugiharsono Sugiharsono
Published 31 March 2015

Abstract

This study aims: (1) to increase students' critical thinking skill through the implementation of the problem solving method assisted by information media, and (2) to gain evidences the increase of students' critical thinking ability after the implementation of the problem solving method assisted by information media. This research was a classroom action research study which was carried out in two cycles. The action done was the teaching of social studies through the problem solving method assisted by information media. The result shows that the problem solving method assisted by information media is able to increase students' critical thinking ability, as shown by the average score of critical thinking ability, which was 63.58 (less critical) in the Pre Cycle test, 73.30 (quite critical) in Cycle I, and 80.40 (critical) in Cycle II. The percentage of the students that have individual score in critical criteria increased too, which was 16.67% in the Pre Cycle, to 58.33% in Cycle I, and was 91.67% in Cycle II. The increase in the critical thinking skill is followed by the increase in the cognitive learning result which was proved by the increase in the average of learning achievement, which was 68 in the Pre Cycle, 76 in Cycle I, and 83 in Cycle II. The percentage of the students reaching individual mastery learning (80) increased too, which was 25% in the Pre Cycle, and increased to 50% in the Cycle I, and increased 83% in Cycle II, which means that the target classical mastery learning (80%) can be achieved. Thus the problem solving method assisted by information media can improve the critical thinking skill in social studies of the students of grade VIII F of SMP Negeri 1 Salaman, District of Magelang.

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