Post-Conflict Segregation, Violence, and Reconstruction Policy in Ambon

Mohammad Hasan Ansori • Rudi Sukandar • Sopar Peranto • Fathun Karib • Sofyan Cholid 1 more
Report The Habibie Center • February 2014 Indonesia

Abstract

Amidst concerns that Indonesia will be divided due to violent conflicts in some provinces following the fall of New Order regime, a few peace agreements have successfully been reached and halted violence that had claimed thousands of lives and properties. One of the agreements was Malino II Peace Agreement that was viewed as the milestone of the termination of prolonged conflicts in Maluku Province. However, smaller and sporadic violence continues to occur in Maluku, especially in Ambon City. Peace researchers and activists have identified that one of the problems faced by Ambon City is post- conflict segregation. There has, however, yet to be a study focused on the relationship between post- conflict segregation, emerging violence and post-conflict developmental policies. Therefore, the study is designed to fill in the gap in such information. The study is conducted as part of the National Violence Monitoring System (NVMS), a cooperation between The Habibie Center and Deputy I Office for Environmental and Social Vulnerability Coordination of Coordinating Ministry for People's Welfare, and supported by The World Bank. The program is funded by a grant from The Korea Economic Transitions and Peace Building Trust Fund. The researcher team would like to extend gratitude to all parties who have provided significant support for the study. Among them are Sana Jaffrey, Wahyu Handoyo, Adrian Morrel of The World Bank who have provided major inputs from the development of the initial concept of the research through the final report development; Mr Willem Rampangilei, Mr Nelwan Harahap, and Ms Zuraini from Deputy I Office of the Coordinating Ministry for People's Welfare who have contributed inputs to the development of the research concept and provided assistance during the field research in Ambon City; Prof. Kamanto Sunarto (FISIP-UI) and Dr. Thung Ju Lan (LIPI) who have made critical notes on the first draft of the research concept; Najib Azca (PSKP-UGM) and Jacky Manuputty (peace activists in Ambon) who have brought significant inputs into the improvement of the drafted initial report of the study. The research team would like to thank Institut Tifa Damai Maluku, especially Hilda, Loury, and Jamal for their warm cooperation during the research; to all informants/ respondents who delivered information during the research; to the executive board and staff of The Habibie Center who have fully supported the research, especially Ima, Mr Ghazali, Mr Kun, Vivi, and Tasha. Finally, we hope this research benefits our concerted efforts to build peace in.

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Publisher

The Habibie Center

The Habibie Center was founded by Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie and family, as an independent, non-go... see more

Funder

World Bank Group

The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged lo... see more