Journal article // Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian






Risiko Usahatani Kakao di Kabupaten Kolaka
2019  //  DOI: 10.30598/jbdp.2019.15.2.119
Kabul Budiman, Kartono Kartono, Natelda R. Timisela

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Abstract

This study aimed to measure production risk and income risk of cocoa farming in Kolaka Regency and to determine the factors that influenced the behaviour of farmers towards the risk. This study involved 142 cocoa farmers spread across the Kolaka Regency. The research method used to measure production and income risks used the coefficient of variation and to measure risk behaviour using the Ordardi Least Squares (OLS) method of the Moscardi and De Janvry models. The OLS method was used to analyse the factors that influence the behaviour of farmers towards the risk of cocoa farming. The results of the coefficient of production variance and income of cocoa farming were high, which were due to the attack of cocoa pods, the use of various fertilisers and pesticides, as well as fluctuating prices. This means that production in cocoa farming has a high chance of failure. Analysis of the average value of aversion to the risk of cocoa farming is 1.5643, assuming that (1.2 ≤ K (S) ≤ 2.0), meaning that on average cocoa farmers in the Regency are risk averters.  Factors that influenced the behaviour of farmers towards risk were the area of ​​arable land (ha), farmer education, farmer experience, number of cocoa plant stands, with significant effects; meanwhile, farmer age, dummy planting patterns of cocoa-coconut-nilam and cocoa-coconut-cashew had insignificant effects.
Keywords: cocoa, ordinary least square, risk behaviour
 

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