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description Journal article public Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian

Ketahanan Enam Varietas Padi terhadap Penyakit Blas (Pyricularia Oryzea Cav.) pada Lahan Sawah Irigasi dan Sawah Tadah Hujan

Christoffol Leiwakabessy, Fahra Inayatri, Edizon Jambormias, Jogeneis Patty, Rhony E. Ririhena
Published 2020

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa L) is an economically important carbohydrate-producing plant that ranks second only to wheat. In Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and several other countries, rice is used as a staple food source. The commodity projection is expected in the coming years to grow to reach 70 percent. Blast disease is known as one of the main obstacles in rice cultivation today. Recommended control alternative to the disease was through the utilization of economically beneficial and environmentally friendly resistant varieties. The study used six varieties tested on different cultivated land and designed using a split plot experiment. The results showed that the resistance of the six varieties of rice to blast disease, with the criteria from susceptible to resistance was: Kabir07 (5%) and IPB8G (3%) classified as susceptible, followed by IPB9G 1.8% (moderate resistance), Inpari32 1.8% (moderate resistant), Fas Memeye 1.8% (moderate resistant), and IPB3S 1.2% (resistant). The study found that irrigated rice fields had a higher severity of blast disease than rain-fed rice fields. Keywords: blast disease, resistant variety, rice fields irrigated, rice rainfed lowland  

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