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description Journal article public Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian

Analisis Kejadian El Nino dan Dampaknya terhadap Musim Tanam dan Produktivitas Kacang Tanah (Arachis Hypogaea L.) di Pulau Kei Kecil Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara

Esterlina Kelbulan, Samuel Laimeheriwa, Jacob R. Patty
Published 2021

Abstract

Climate change has an impact that includes extreme climate events such as El Nino. Experience in recent decades has shown that the El Nino climate anomaly has caused prolonged droughts. Peanut are susceptible to drought in part or all of its growth phases due to below-normal rainfall. This study aimed to describe the occurrence of extreme El-Nino rainfall on Kei Kecil Island, Maluku Province, and how much the El-Nino events affected the planting season and peanut production on Kei Kecil Island. This was carried out using the algebraic average technique for calculating the average (normal) rainfall and the FAO (1978) method for determining the growing season. The variables observed were rainfall data and peanut plant productivity data. Data were analyzed using simple regression analysis. The results of the study showed that the El Nino phenomenon generally took place in the period from April to November; mostly starting in April, May, June and September, October and November. Drought events on Kei Kecil Island did not always coincide with El Nino events, and El Nino events did not always cause drought or rainfall below normal. In 1993, 2003, 2007, and 2012 the amount of rainfall on Kei Kecil Island was below normal (<2,308 mm per year) but these years were not recorded as El Nino years. Whereas, 1994, 2009, 2014, and 2018 were recorded as El Nino years but did not cause drought or rainfall under normal conditions on Kei Kecil Island. During the last 30 years, this incident occurred 3 times, i.e. in 1991, 1997, and 2015. The results of the analysis of the growing season showed that the planting season on Kei Kecil Island under conditions of average (normal) rainfall lasted for 289 days or 9 months 16 days (November 1 to August 16). Meanwhile, the growing season when extreme El Nino rainfall occurred, lasted for 201 days or 6 months 20 days (November 1 to May 20). This indicated that when El Nino occurred on Kei Kecil Island, there was a shift in the growing season (ending sooner). The results of the regression analysis illustrated that the increase of the value of rainfall would increase the productivity of peanut crop. Keywords: El Nino phenomenon, growing season, peanut, productivity, rainfall  

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