This dataset is part of the BPS Employment Series.
Working age popolation: persons of 15 years old and over.
Labor force: persons of 15 years old and over who, in the previous week, were working, temporarily absent from work but having jobs, and those who did not have work and were looking for work.
Not in labor force: persons aged 15 years and over, but not classified in labor force, such as students, housekeepers, or others exclude personal activity.
Working: an activity done by a person who worked for pay or assisted others in obtaining pay or profit for the duration at least one hour during the survey week. Include an unpaid worker who help an economically activity/ business.
Temporarily absent from work, but having job: an activity done by a person who had a job, but was temporarily absent from work for some reasons during the survey week, i.e: sick, on leave, waiting for harvest season, on strike etc.
Employee, government employee/private employee who had not been working for reasons such as on leave, sick, on strike, damage machine/equipments, etc.
Farmers who had not coltivated their field because of illness or waiting for the next harvest season or waiting for the rainy season to coltivate their field.
Professional worker who had not been working because of illness, waiting for the next job/order, etc. Such as puppeteer, barber, masseur, medicine man, singer, etc.
Unemployment, which consists of:
Looking for work is a person which during the survey that is looking for work, such as:
Person who established a new business/firm is he/she who established a new business/firm in obtaining profit at his/her own risk with or without paid or unpaid worker.
Meaning if they do a real as their effort such as: collecting capitals, preparing equipments, looking for business location, applying for business permission letter, that had been done or being done by someone.
This activity does not include persons who just have plans to do, intend, or following a course/training to prepare a business/firm. In this case commonly for those who want to be worker or employer on their own account assisted by temporary worker/unpaid worker or employer assisted by permanent worker/paid worker.
Explanation: This effort is not only during previous weeks, but coold have been done some time ago but still trying to establish the new business/firm in the previous week.
TPT (Unemployment Rate) is percentage of unemployment to the number of labor force.
Less than Normal Working Hours: is a person who worked under the normal working hours (less than 35 hours a week). It consist of:
Underemployment: is a person who worked under the normal working hours (less than 35 hours a week), and is still looking for a job or available for work (itâ€™s called involuntary underemployment).
Part-time Worker: is a person who worked under the normal working hours (less than 35 hours a week), but he is not looking for a job or unavailable for work (itâ€™s called voluntary underemployment).
The main source of employment data is National Labour Force Survey (Sakernas). This survey is specifically designed to collect information on labour force statistics. Previously, the collection of such data was integrated with other surveys, such as National Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas), Population Census (SP), and Inter-censal Population Survey (SUPAS).
The first Sakernas was conducted in 1976, then conducted anually during the period 1977-1978. During 1986-1993, Sakernas was conducted quarterly in all provinces in Indonesia, only since 1994 until 2001 Sakernas was conducted yearly, everyÂ August of the year. During the period 2002-2004, besides a yearly Sakernas, BPS also conducted a quarterly Sakernas. During the period 2005-2010, Sakernas has been conducted in semester period, i.e February (Semester I) and August (Semester II).
In 2011 Sakernaswas conducted back on a quarterly basis which is: February (First Quarter), May (Second Quarter), August (Third Quarter), and November (Fourth Quarter). A Quarterly Sakernas is aimed to monitor the prompt indicators of Indonesian labour market which referred to the Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) recommended by ILO (the International Labour Organization). The results of Sakernas for first quarter, second quarter , and fourth quarter was presented at the province level (sampel size 50,000 households). The results of Sakernas for the third quarter was published up to regency/municipality level, as the sample size was quite big around 200,000 households, that consist of 50,000 households from quarterly sample and 150,000 households were addition sample package.
The main information collected in The National Labor Force Survey are data on individual household members covering persons aged 10 years and older. However tabulated data covers household members aged 15 years and older.
Data on individual household members consist of:
Member identification: name, relation to the head of household, sex, age, marital status and educational attainment. Activities during last week: working, (at least an hour for a week), temporarily not working, looking for work/established a new business/firm, attending school, doing housekeeping and others (retired, incapacitated, etc).
For those who were working: and temporarily absent from work but having jobs (such as: on leave) they are asked for main total working day, total number of hours of work, industry, occupation, employment status, and total wage/salary in month.
For those who were looking for job or established a new business/firm: they are asked for the main reason for looking a job/established a new business/firm, type of effort to find out a job/established a new business/firm, the duration of looking for job or established a new business/firm, and type of job (for full or part-time).