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description Journal article public Nabawi

Kodifikasi Hadis dalam Pandangan Sunniy dan Shi'iy

Hanif Fathoni
Published 2020

Abstract

The codification of the hadith took a long time and was colored by political competition between sects or groups in Islam. This political competition led to a split in Muslim thought into two major groups, namely Ahlu al-Sunnah (Sunniy) and Shi'iy (followers of Ali). Sunni and Shi'a often clash in understanding the hadith. Both have differences that are rooted in the understanding of the concept of hadith or sunnah, although between Sunniy and Shi'iy there are no different views in assessing the position of hadith as the second source of law after the Koran. This research will examine the codification of hadith from the Sunniy and Shi'iy point of view. Furthermore, the collected research data were analyzed using historical and comparative approaches. According to Sunniy circles, the narration of the hadith was not written and codified properly when the Prophet Muhammad died. He has not ordered his friends to do so and at the same time avoid mixing the Koran and Hadith. For Shi'iy, the codification of hadith has existed since the time of Rasulullah SAW and they even believe that Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Talib wrote it.

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