The impact of the reform movement in 1998 which is quite large on the pattern of government organizations is the implementation of decentralization. Decentralization is a management technique that tries improve institutional performance measures such as efektvitas and efficiency in the form of delegation of authority from central to local government. However, the fact that since decentralization policy implemented in 2001, many unresolved problems. So that the course of decentralization has not reached the expected complete. This paper attempts to describe the journey implementation of decentralization policies in Indonesia and how the problems that occur in it.