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Peranti Kohesi Gramatikal Dan Leksikal Pada Tulisan Deskripsi Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Dan Relevansinya Sebagai Materi Ajar Bahasa Indonesia

Agnes Heppy Kurniasari, Sumarwati Sumarwati, Chafit Ulya
Published 2016

Abstract

: The purposes of this researh are to describe: (1) the cohesive devices applied in students' descriptive writing, (2) the mistakes in cohesive devices applied in students' descriptive writing, (3) the sources of mistakes in applying cohesive devices in students' descriptive writing; and (4) the solutions to overcome mistakes in applying cohesive devices in students' descriptive writing. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative method using content analysis approach. The result of the research indicates mistakes in applying cohesive devices in terms of both grammatical and lexical. Grammatical cohesive devices include 18 references, 2 substitutions, 2 ellipsis, and 11 conjunctions. The lexical cohesive devices include 4 repetitions, 1 synonyms, 2 antonyms, and 1 hyponyms.The mistakes in applying cohesive decives involve repetitive use of substitutions and ellipsis, and students tend to put a conjunction in the beginning of a sentence, e. g. "and", "which", "in", and "when".

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