Keragaman Produksi Plasma Nutfah Pala (Myristica Fragrans) Di KP Cicurug

Sri Wahyuni • Hadad E. A. • Nfn Suparman • Nfn Mardiana
Journal article Buletin Plasma Nutfah • December 2008 Indonesia


Nutmeg known as a major spice in the world. The plant originated from Moluccas island of Indonesia. It is an evergreen tree with 4-10 m height and sometimes up to 20 m. The plant is a dioecious, start bearing fruit at 5 to 8 years after planting, and before reaching generative period it can not be distinguish whether the plant is a male or female plant. Nutmeg has an ovale to rounded fruit shape with 1-10 cm long with thin to thick fleshly fruit and creamy white colour. Nutmeg seed surrounded by arils which is famous known as mace, usually with red colour and the major constituent is myristicin. Collecting of nutmeg at Moluccas, North Sulawesi and Papua obtained 430 seeds from several different locality and the plant were planted with 8 m x 8 m space row at Cicurug garden Sukabumi-West Java, 500 m above sea level, in 1992 and 1993. So far the remaining plant were only 368 trees. Observation of nutmeg yield was carried out in 5 years (2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, and 2005) to those collection to evaluate their yield variation and continuity. T-test were used to estimate the plant with better yield. Result showed that there were high variation in nutmeg fruit yield among and between locality represented value of variation almost 100%. Less than 50 plant have a relative yield continuity, moreover they were only 7 trees which has cumulative yield more than 4000 fruits/tree i.e. Bagea Yan Maliaro 213, Banda 11, Botol 137, Kupal 139, Patani 25, Patani 32, and Patani 33. The cumulative yield per tree ranged from 0-7808 fruits with the average 1195 nut/tree. Harvesting nutmeg fruit at Cicurug garden was done almost all year around, with the peak harvest in Mei to June.




Buletin Plasma Nutfah

Buletin Plasma Nutfah diterbitkan oleh Komisi Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik (KNSDG), Badan Penelit... see more