South Sumatra has different types of local rice in various agroecosystems that have potential as genetic resources (SDG) of food crops. Inventory and characaterization of local rice genetic resources has been done in wetland areas of South Sumatra during 2013&ndash;2015. This activity was carried out on two kinds of rice agroecosystem in South Sumatra i.e. lowland swamp (in Ogan Komering Ilir and Ogan Ilir Districts) and tidal swamp areas (in the District of Banyuasin). The study was done based on survei and desk study. Morpho-agronomical characterization has also been performed both in situ and ex situ. Data gained from the observation of were analyzed descriptively. A total of 115 accessions of local wetlands rice have been successfully inventoried, which consisted of 67 accessions collected from lowland swamp and 48 accessions collected from tidal swamp area. The results of morpho-agronomical characterization showed there is a high diversity in the accessions collected from different locations.