A Variable Speed Wind Generation System Based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator

Radita Arindya
Journal article Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics • December 2013

Abstract

Wind energy has become one of the most important and promising sources of renewable energy, which demands additional transmission capacity and better means of maintaining system reliability. The evolution of technology related to wind systems industry leaded to the development of a generation of variable speed wind turbines that present many advantages compared to the fixed speed wind turbines. These wind energy conversion systems are connected to the grid through Voltage Source Converters (VSC) to make variable speed operation possible. The studied system here is a variable speed wind generation system based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG). The rotor side converter (RSC) usually provides active and reactive power control of the machine while the grid-side converter (GSC) keeps the voltage of the DC-link constant. The additional freedom of reactive power generation by the GSC is usually not used due to the fact that it is more preferable to do so using the RSC. However, within the available current capacity the GSC can be controlled to participate in reactive power generation in steady state as well as during low voltage periods. The GSC can supply the required reactive current very quickly while the RSC passes the current through the machine resulting in a delay. Both converters can be temporarily overloaded, so the DFIG is able to provide a considerable contribution to grid voltage support during short circuit periods. This report deals with the introduction of DFIG,AC/DC/AC converter control and finally the SIMULINK/MATLAB simulation for isolated Induction generator as well as for grid connected Doubly Fed Induction Generator and corresponding results and waveforms are displayed.

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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI) publishes original research and literat... see more