Perbanyakan Bibit Stek Umbi Dan Uji Adaptabilitas Plasma Nutfah Garut (Marantha Arundinaceae L.)

Nfn Sutoro • Nfn Hadiatmi
Journal article Buletin Plasma Nutfah • June 2011


Multiplication of Propagated Tuber and Adaptability Test of Arrowroot Germplasm. Increasing arrowroot production needs technology production and variety suitable to the plant environment. Production constraints for arrowroot are seedling (stolon and tuber) limitation of cultivars adapted to the production area. Experiment had been carried out by using two factors (seedling source and variety) planted under randomized complete block design, three replications to study their germination capability. Three parts of seedlings source (tip, middle and basal part of tuber, 2 buds each) as first factor, and 10 varieties as second factor. Effect of seedling (stolon and tuber) of arrowroot and variety (10 accessions) were tested to study their adaptability had been done in 3 locations (Bogor, Cianjur and Serang). Seedling were planted at 50 cm x 40 cm, one row for each treatment. Tip-part and base-part of tuber showed better germination than middle-part of arrowroot tuber. There were effect of genotypic and environment interaction to tuber and starch yield. Accession No. 27 (Tasikmalaya), No. 28 (Gunung Kidul), No. 29 (Garut), No. 58 (Karawang), No. 387 (Banjarnegara), No. 403 (Banyumas), No. 478 (Brebes), dan No. 625 (Cilacap) could be categorized as stabil, while No. 626 (Cilacap) was more responsive while No. 627 (Malang) less responsive to environment changes.




Buletin Plasma Nutfah

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