Virulensi Phytophthora Capsici Asal Lada terhadap Piper Spp.

Dono Wahyuno • Dyah Manohara • Dwi N. Susilowati
Journal article Buletin Plasma Nutfah • December 2010 Indonesia

Abstract

Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) is Widely Cultivated in Indonesia by Smallholder. Foot rot disease caused by Phytophthora capsici is the main constraint in pepper cultivation in Indonesia. Developing a resistant variety is considered the most effective means to reduce the foot rot disease impact. However, the genetic variability of cultivated pepper in Indonesia is narrow. Therefore, attempt to find new gene source from other Piper spp. is an alternative method to get resistant genes against foot rot disease. Six Piper spp. i.e. Piper betle, P. colubrinum, P. cubeba, P. hispidum, and P. retrofractum were tested, while P. nigrum used as control. To find the resistance of those Piper spp. against P. capsici, artificial inoculation experiment was conducted in laboratory. Third and fourth leaves of Piper spp. were inoculated by placing a piece mycelial colony of tested Phytophthora isolates, 5 mm in diameter on abaxial leaf surface. Fifty isolates of P. capsici obtained from various pepper areas in Indonesia were used in the experiment. Width of necrotic area on each inoculated leaves were measured after incubated for 72 hours. Results of statistical analyses showed that P. betle, P. cubeba, P. retrofractum existed in the same group with P. nigrum; while P. colubrinum and P. hispidum presented in another group. Those 50 isolates P. capsici were grouped into 3 groups, the first was a big dominant group that infected all Piper spp., second group consisted of isolates infected P. betle, P. cubeba, P. retrofractum and P. nigrum; and the last one was isolates that infected P. colubrinum and P. hispidum. Hence, virulence of P. capsici was wide and not all Piper spp. were resistant against P. capsici.

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Buletin Plasma Nutfah

Buletin Plasma Nutfah diterbitkan oleh Komisi Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik (KNSDG), Badan Penelit... see more