Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Sumber Plasma Nutfah Durio (Durio Spp.) di Indonesia

Tahan Uji
Journal article Buletin Plasma Nutfah • 2005 Indonesia

Abstract

Indonesia is rich of genetic resources and species diversity of Durio spp. Based on examination of 270 number of specimens herbarium collection in Herbarium Bogoriense, there are 20 species of Durio (Durio spp.) encountered in Indonesia. Eighteen of 20 species of Durio occur in Kalimantan, 7 species in Sumatera and 1 species in Java, Bali, Sulawesi, and Maluku respectively. Fourteen of 18 of species Durio in Kalimantan are recorded as endemic species. Nine species are reported as edible fruits, e.i. Durio dulcis (lahong), D. exelcus (apun), D. grandiflorus (durian munyit), D. graveolens (tuwala), D. kutejensis (lai), D. oxleyanus (kerantungan), D. lowianus (teruntung), D. testudinarum (durian sekura), and D. zibethinus (durian). The results of study indicated that D. acutifolius, D. dulcis, D. kutejensis, D. lowianus, D. oxleyanus, D. testudinarum, and D. zibethinus are as the indigenous species of Durio (Durio spp.) having development potential in Indonesia.

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Journal

Buletin Plasma Nutfah

Buletin Plasma Nutfah diterbitkan oleh Komisi Nasional Sumber Daya Genetik (KNSDG), Badan Penelit... see more